The fact that only one party (FRELIMO) has been in power since 1975 has fostered corruption, as reflected in international governance indices. Some US$ 2.0 billion of secret debts contracted in 2013 and 2014 have so far not been clarified by the Government. Current checks and balances exist only in principle and are insufficient to prevent the actions of a few officials harming the whole country. The Government has to engage in internal reforms to strengthen its oversight. CIP’s focus is on sensitizing legislators and the public to force the Government to strengthen PFM and other economic processes.